The research aim
Scientific research is centered on local needs and on the local context, integrating it into a larger scale picture, considering the multi-scale and multi-dimensionality of environmental problems.
Research of the Chair is mainly applied and focused on interdisciplinary areas related to environmental engineering. The broad scope of the Chair research activities is addressing challanges related to sustainable human development and resource use, with particular reference to the Sustainable Development Goals, in a interdisciplinarity perspective, in close partnership with actors from developing world.
The research activities of the Chair have a strong field-based component to ensure local impact and longer term sustainability. Field research activities have been concentrating on three main geographic areas: sub-saharan Africa (Uganda, Mozambique, Tanzania), Latin and Central America (Bolivia, Dominican Republic), the Balkan area (Albania, Kosovo, Serbia).
Safe water supply is a critical issue in many regions of the world, especially in rural areas. We investigates technical and management problems in existing rural water supply systems. Our research showed the importance of understanding catchment-scale dynamics, like soil erosion associated with rapid land use change, in turn related to environmental, cultural and developmental factors affecting the coexistence of different population groups.
In developing countries energy demand for cooking is a major issue and is hugely affecting biodiversity conservation of forests and related animal species. Our effort consists in putting in place sustainable technical solutions to optimize local energy source consumption and reduce health problems. With forest assessment and environmental data we calculate the energy potential from biomass residuals, considering soil, fertility, economic/technical constraints, we produce sustainable scenarios and analyse power plant positioning and optimization.
The 54% of global population is living in cities. The effort of the Chair is to improve the urban planning in order to guarantee the inclusiveness of spaces, save ecosystem services and improve the sustainable management of the territory. The high concentration of citizens and their polluting products, such as waste and air pollution, amplifiy the main problem of the “living-together” jeopardizing the urban and the sub-urban landscapes. A good life is strictly related to the place where it is lived.
The Chair deepens the sediment dynamics in the river network and their development trajectory. Anthropic pressures, such as the uncontrolled deforestation, roughly affect the whole planet causing an increase of flood risk and frequency of related hazards. On the other hand, uncontrolled sediment mining from the downstream reaches of the main river system is causing an accelerated change in the river morphology with less sediments reaching the sea, high channel narrowing and incision rates.
Biodiversity conservation is a crucial objective for humankind well being and survival and therefore is universally considered a hot topic in environmental research. The effort of the Chair is understanding the interactions among the many drivers which influence the unstable balance of nature. The use of GIS analyses is essential to represent and gauge these dynamics.
- Training of trainers: Global Dimension in Engineering Education (GDEE). The GDEE project aims to integrate Sustainable Human Development as a cross-cutting issue in teaching activities to improve the capacity of academics working in engineering and other technical subjects to more effectively deliver the global dimension within their programs through a two-fold strategy:- By improving academics’ competencies in introducing SHD into the curricula
– By facilitating the engagement of both staff and students in academic initiatives related to SHDHave a look of the website → GDEE
- Summer School: “Tropical rainforest biodiversity: field and GIS tools for assessing, monitoring and mapping. Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania. Organized and taught by Marco Ciolli (Chair Scientific Board) in cooperation with Francesco Rovero and Clara Tattoni of Muse (Museo delle Scienze di Trento) and with Tanzania National Parks (Tanapa), Danish Museum of Natural History and Wildlife Conservation Society.